Photo by humberto chavez on Unsplash

Many forces shape the earth. It is shaped by the wind, by water in rivers and oceans, and the freezing and the thawing in soil and rocks. It is shaped by life, and especially by human beings and their movements back and forth across the face of the planet. Just as we cannot control the wind or contain the water in the oceans, we cannot prevent the movement of peoples across imaginary lines arbitrarily drawn on maps, across borders drawn in the sand, or on parchment, particularly when they are driven by human conflicts, climate change, and seeking a better life.

Writer and artist. Published over 150 essays, stories, and articles in 20+ publications and recognized as a Top Writer in History, Science, and Space.

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store